Deadly flesh-eating bacterial infection spreading rapidly in Japan


New Delhi: A rare and fatal flesh eating bacterial infection is spreading rapidly in JapanThe New York Post reported, quoting officials.
infection, known as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome ,STSS), has a high mortality rate of 30% and is mainly due to group a streptococcus bacteriaAs reported by The Japan Times.
Medical experts are surprised by the sudden increase in cases and have advised maintaining good hygiene practices like hand washing and proper wound care to prevent its spread.
from japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) expressed uncertainty about the underlying causes of serious streptococcus infections. The institute revealed 941 confirmed STSS cases in 2023, with 378 cases already reported in almost all prefectures in the first two months of 2024.
Despite averaging 100–200 annual cases since 1992, the number reached a record 894 cases in 2019.
Streptococcus pyogenes, commonly known as strep A, causes sore throat in children and poses a threat to adults over 30.
The NIID highlighted a worrying trend of more STSS-related deaths in patients under 50, with 21 out of 65 individuals in that age group dying from the infection between July and December 2023.
STSS can lead to serious complications such as tissue necrosis and organ failure, which require antibiotic treatment and, in severe cases, surgical intervention.
Some officials attribute the increase in cases to the easing of COVID-19 restrictions, and urge the public to maintain hygiene and practice proper cough etiquette for prevention.

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