India seeks reform of WTO dispute system

Feb13,2024



New Delhi: Ahead of the all-important meeting of WTO trade ministers in a fortnight, India has made a call comprehensive reform of dispute resolution system and instead underlined the need for a comprehensive package piecemeal approach Pushed by some members.
The WTO's dispute settlement body has become inactive because the US has stopped appointments in the WTO during the tenure of many presidents starting from Barack Obama. Appellate BodySecond level of the system. While almost all countries are seeking to revive the system as it gave all member countries an opportunity to challenge rules that were seen against global norms, the US blocked any attempts to revive it Is.
Given the mandate at the last meeting of ministers, WTO members are trying to find a solution before the next ministerial meeting in Abu Dhabi, but the proposals put on the table are not being seen as equitable by countries like India, leading them to withdraw. Being encouraged to mix. With Indonesia, South Africa, Bangladesh, Egypt and Bangladesh. The countries presented a proposal on Monday.
He has argued that the central interest of reviving the Appellate Body has not been taken into account during the deliberations so far. Instead, the newspaper said, there has been an attempt to undermine the basic nature of a “rules-based, two-tier” system with permanent appeal mechanisms and binding decisions. The current system allows for a dispute settlement panel, whose decisions can be appealed.
The proposal under discussion seeks changes to the composition of the panel, which India and other countries that submitted papers have argued would impact the interests of developing and least developed countries. The panel is being given powers to classify cases into standard, complex and exceptionally complex cases, which is being contested. Similarly, the accelerated timeline is seen to be impacting the chances of reaching an amicable solution.
There are also concerns that the structure of dispute settlement panels is being sought to be redesigned in a way that could increase the likelihood of certain geographical areas and legal systems dominating them.



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