Indonesia elections: Candidates, key issues and what to know


Indonesians voted for a new president, vice president and members of parliament and local legislative bodies on Wednesday, although no major problems emerged across the archipelago.
Preliminary and unofficial results from quick-count outlets certified by the General Election Commission were expected by the end of Wednesday.
The election was a massive undertaking, with more than 204 million of the country's 270 million people registered to vote on approximately 17,000 islands. voter Spanning three time zones, from Papua in the east to the tip of Sumatra, 5,000 kilometers (3,000 mi) away in the west.
According to the Commission, the majority of registered voters are young people, about 55% of whom are aged between 17 and 40.
outgoing president joko widodoJokowi, as he is known, is serving his second term in office and cannot run again due to term limits.
Thus, this year's voting will bring the first change in leadership in a decade.
who are they presidential candidate,
Three candidates ran to succeed Jokowi as president: Ganjar Pranowo and Anies Baswedan, both former governors in their 50s, and Prabowo Subianto, the current defense minister.
Subianto is a 72-year-old former Army Special Forces commander who is running for the top post for the third time. He lost to Jokowi in 2014 and 2019.
To strengthen his chances this time, Subianto chose the extremely popular president's son, Gibran Rakabuming Raka, as his vice-presidential running mate.
The candidacy of 36-year-old Raka, who is half Subianto's age and currently serves as mayor of the city of Surakarta, is seen by many analysts as an attempt to garner more votes from the younger generation.
Subianto also hails from an elite political family. He was once the son-in-law of military dictator Suharto, who was ousted from power in 1998 after more than three decades of rule.
Subianto is accused of rights abuses while serving as military chief during the last days of the Suharto dictatorship. The allegations are unproven, and Prabowo has always denied any responsibility.
Another candidate is Ganjar Pranowo, former governor of Central Java province.
His presidential bid is supported by the country's ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P).
Pronovo has declared current cabinet minister Mahfud MD as his running mate.
Pranowo adopted President Widodo's political style by trying to gain sympathy from grassroots movements.
The third presidential candidate is Anies Baswedan, former governor of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. His running mate is Muhaimin Iskandar, leader of the Islamic National Awakening Party (PKB) – one of the most powerful Islamic parties in the country.
In 2017, Baswedan ran for Governor of Jakarta against Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, who is of Chinese heritage. Baswedan won the election – while his opponent was sentenced to two years in prison for blaspheming the Quran during one of his campaigns.
According to the latest polls by Litbang Kompas, an independent research organization, Subianto enjoys a considerable lead over the other two candidates, with about 39% of voters supporting him, compared to 18% for Pranowo and about 16% for Baswedan. Are.
What is important issues,
All three presidential candidates have made similar pledges on inclusive growth and welfare.
Jokowi's decade in office is generally seen as a decade of stability and growth for Southeast Asia's largest economy.
And all three contenders have promised to continue most of his initiatives, including boosting mining, expanding social welfare and continuing work on creating $32 billion (€29.7 billion) of new capital.
The candidates have set ambitious economic expansion goals and promised to create millions of jobs, without providing specific details on how they would reach these objectives.
Who was able to vote and when can we expect the results?
All Indonesian citizens aged 17 or older can vote.
After decades of authoritarian rule, Indonesia embraced democracy in 1998 and adopted a national philosophy of equality and national unity called Pancasila, which is enshrined in the country's constitution.
Despite being the world's largest Muslim-majority country, Indonesia is constitutionally a secular state separate from religion and state. Nevertheless, political parties often use religion in their campaign strategy.
The country's Parliament plays a relatively subordinate role in decision making, with the President having the power to make policy.
Under Indonesia's election rules, presidential candidates need 50% of the total vote and at least 20% of the vote in each province to win the vote.
To enter Parliament, political parties, on their part, need to secure 4% of the votes.
The preliminary results are likely to be declared by the Election Commission on the evening of February 14.
It may take up to 35 days for the final official result to be made public.
If no presidential contender receives more than 50% of the vote, the contest moves to a second and final round between the top two in June.
The new President will take oath in October.
Komnas HAM, an independent human rights organization, said there are 17 groups of people who may face challenges when exercising their right to vote.
These include people with disabilities, the LGBTQ community, indigenous communities and religious minorities.
In North Sumatra province, Komnas HAM found cases of discrimination against LGBTQ voters.
“People from the LGBTQ community felt very unsafe (to vote) because the regional leadership declared Medan an LGBTQ-free city,” local media outlet quoted Pramono Ubaid Tanthovy, a Komnas HAM official, as saying. There was a statement to do so.” That being said.
Kikin P Tarigan of the Indonesian National Commission for Disabilities said turnout by people with disabilities is also likely to be low, pointing to inadequate efforts by the election commission to register people with disabilities as voters.
“People with disabilities were being hindered from being listed as eligible voters due to a lack of access and support,” Tarigan told DW.

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