Madagascar Parliament passes law allowing castration for child rapists; raises ‘humanity’ concerns

Feb 11, 2024

New Delhi: The Parliament of Madagascar recently passed a law allowing chemical and in some cases surgical to castrate For persons convicted of raping minors. Although the move has faced criticism from international rights organizations, it has received support from activists within the country who see it as a necessary deterrent against the prevalent “rape culture”.
The law, passed on February 2 and awaiting ratification by the High Constitutional Court and signature of President Andrey Rajoelina, proposes surgical castration for those found guilty of raping a child under the age of 10. Rape cases against children aged 10 to 13 years will be punished by surgical or chemical castration. Offenders found guilty of raping minors aged 14 to 17 years will face chemical castrationWith stringent punishment up to life imprisonment.
Justice Minister Landy Mbolatiana Randriamanentanasoa argued that the measure was necessary due to the increasing number of child rape cases in the country. 600 cases of child rape were reported in 2023, of which 133 cases were reported in January this year.
While some activists in Madagascar support the change in law, Amnesty International has criticized it as “inhumane and degrading treatment” that runs contrary to the country's constitutional laws. Ncio wa Ncio, Madagascar advisor at Amnesty, stressed the importance of focusing on the protection of victims and raised concerns about possible reprisals against rape victims.
The use of surgical castration as punishment is much less common globally, with some countries and states allowing chemical castration in some cases. The new law has triggered widespread discussion over the effectiveness and ethical implications of such measures in addressing sexual violence.

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