UN report: Many countries are bouncing back from Covid pandemic but the poorest are not | India News

Mar14,2024



United Nations: Many countries are recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic, but the poorest are not doing so and a large number appear to be worsening, a report has found. united nations development program Said on Wednesday. Agency head Achim Steiner said that after two decades when rich and poor countries were moving closer in terms of development, the finding is “a very strong warning signal” that nations are now moving apart.
The Human Development Index, which the agency has compiled since 1990, is projected to reach a record high in 2023 after falling sharply during the pandemic years of 2020 and 2021.
But development in half the world poorest country This remains below 2019 pre-pandemic levels, the report said.
“This is a world of a rich person versus a poor person in which we are seeing development happening in very unequal, partly incomplete ways,” Steiner said at a news conference. “Why does it matter? Not only because it creates more insecurity, but it also creates more suffering and longer poverty, increasing inequality,
Growing inequalities increase the intensity of economic wealthThe report said.
This indicates about 40 percent Global business Goods concentrated in three or fewer countries and those of the three countries with the largest market value technology companies In 2021, Amazon, Apple and Microsoft – exceeded the GDP of more than 90 percent of the 193 UN member states that year.
Steiner said the world's countries must unite to address major threats in the 21st century, particularly climate change, the next pandemic and the emergence of the digital economy and artificial intelligence. But instead, he warned, division is growing and frustration and polarization are increasing.
He said one important reaction is the rise of populism, which is anti-elitist and hostile to international cooperation. He said that “it is increasingly dividing societies, radicalizing political discourse, and essentially turning more and more people against each other”.
The report says advancing global collective action to tackle the world's major challenges is hampered by an emerging “democracy paradox” – 90 percent of people worldwide support democracy, but for the first time in a global survey More than half of respondents expressed support for leaders who take risks. Undermining the foundation of democracy.
Regional conflicts will continue, Steiner said, but threats to human security in the 21st century will require being able to cooperate more often.
“We're pushing ourselves deeper and deeper into a situation where our ability to solve problems is really being compromised,” he said. “You're not going to stop climate change with missiles. You're not going to stop the next pandemic on your border with a tank, and you're certainly not going to stop cybercrime with missiles.”
Steiner said it is important to lower the temperature, misconceptions and misinformation “because they are actually being weaponized to turn people against each other”.
He said there also needs to be a very careful eye “where inequality is so extreme that it actually eliminates the political will to cooperate”.
The report calls for more spending on global public goods that benefit all people, including stabilizing the climate and the planet, using new technologies to improve human development, and using global resources to benefit low-income countries. Involves reforming the financial system.
The agency's Human Development Index measures key issues for living a long and healthy life, gaining knowledge, and achieving a decent standard of living.
Based on the latest data for 2022, the 10 states with the highest human development scores are Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Hong Kong, Denmark, Sweden, Germany and Ireland jointly at seventh position, Singapore and Australia and Netherlands jointly at 10th position. The United States is tied with Luxembourg for 20th place.
The 10 countries with the lowest human development were Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Yemen, Burundi, Mali, Chad, Niger, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Somalia. All are in Africa except Yemen.



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